- Hormonal changes: Changes in hormone levels, such as those that occur during puberty, pregnancy, post-partum, or menopause, can trigger overactivity in the sebaceous glands, leading to an increase in oil production.
- Sun tanning: Sun promotes overactive sebaceous glands produce excess oil, causing the skin to become oily and greasy.
- Improper skin care regimen: Using the wrong products, such as those that are too harsh or stripping, can disrupt the skin's natural oil balance and lead to oiliness.
- Stress: Chronic stress can trigger the production of androgens, hormones that increase oil production in the sebaceous glands.
- Poor diet: A diet high in processed and fried foods, as well as sugar and dairy, can increase inflammation in the skin and trigger overactivity in the sebaceous glands.
- Genetics: Some people are genetically predisposed to having overactive sebaceous glands, which can lead to oiliness.
- Others: Humidity, certain medications
- Shiny skin: Oily skin has a shiny appearance due to the excess oil on the surface of the skin.
- Greasy texture: Oily skin has a greasy texture due to the excess oil on the surface of the skin.
- Enlarged pores: Overactive sebaceous glands can enlarge pores, making them more visible and prone to clogging.
- breakouts: Excess oil on the skin can clog pores, leading to the development of pimples.
- Blackheads and whiteheads: Excess oil can clog pores, leading to the formation of blackheads and whiteheads.
- Combination skin: Some people have a combination of oily and dry skin, with oiliness typically concentrated in the T-zone (forehead, nose, and chin).
Impact on the skin
- Clogged pores leading to breakouts: Excess oil on the skin can clog pores, leading to the development of acne and breakouts.
- Uneven skin texture: Oily skin can have an uneven texture due to the combination of oil and dry patches.
- Dull, lifeless complexion: Excess oil on the skin can make it look dull and lifeless, as well as accentuate fine lines and wrinkles.
- Increased risk of acne and other skin conditions: Oily skin is more prone to developing acne and other skin conditions due to the excess oil and clogged pores.
- Inability to achieve a clear, radiant complexion: Oily skin can make it difficult to achieve a clear, radiant complexion, and can leave the skin looking dull and tired.
- Embarrassment and self-consciousness about appearance: Excess oil on the skin can cause embarrassment and self-consciousness about one's appearance.