- UV exposure: Prolonged exposure to UV rays from the sun can cause an increase in melanin production, leading to the formation of dark spots and hyperpigmentation.
- Hormonal changes: Hormonal imbalances, such as pregnancy and hormonal contraceptives, can trigger the production of melanin and result in the formation of dark spots and hyperpigmentation.
- Inflammation: Inflammatory conditions such as acne, cuts, and burns can result in post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, where the skin darkens and forms dark patches.
- Aging: With age, skin cells become less effective in preventing the accumulation of melanin, leading to the formation of age-related spots.
- Genetics: Certain individuals may be more prone to hyperpigmentation due to genetic factors.
- Medications: Certain medications, such as antibiotics and antimalarials, can increase the risk of hyperpigmentation.
- Dark patches or spots on the skin: Dark patches or spots on the skin can be a clear sign of hyperpigmentation and an uneven skin tone. This can occur as a result of overproduction of melanin in certain areas of the skin.
- Uneven skin tone: can be caused by a variety of factors, including sun exposure, hormonal changes, and skin conditions such as acne. This can result in patches of dark skin.
- Appearance of freckles or age spots: Appearance of freckles or age spots can also be a sign of hyperpigmentation, particularly in individuals who are aging or have been exposed to UV light.
- Hyperpigmentation under the eyes: This is a common concern, and can result in dark circles or brown spots. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including sun exposure, genetics, and lifestyle factors.
- Faded and dull complexion: A faded and dull complexion can be a sign of hyperpigmentation, and can result in a lack of radiance and a tired appearance.
Impact on the skin
- Uneven skin tone: Hyperpigmentation can result in uneven skin tone, making the skin look patchy and dull.
- Decreased self-esteem and confidence: People with hyperpigmentation may feel self-conscious about their appearance and lack confidence, which can affect their daily life.
- Difficulty in finding suitable makeup products: People with hyperpigmentation may find it difficult to find makeup products that match their skin tone, causing frustration and inconvenience.
- Difficulty in finding right correction: Hyperpigmentation can be difficult to correctespecially when it is severe and widespread. This can result in disappointment and frustration for those seeking a solution to their skin concerns.