- Hormonal changes: Hormonal fluctuations, especially during puberty, menstrual cycles, pregnancy, and menopause, can increase the production of sebum (oil) and cause skin to be more prone to pimples.
- Excessive sun exposure and/or inappropriate sun protection: Some people who are prone to acne find that their skin condition in worse during the summertime due to reaction of sweat overproduction, skin dry out and skin thickening.
- Bacteria: Propionibacterium acnes is a type of bacteria that naturally lives on the skin. When the skin's pores become clogged with oil and dead skin cells, P. acnes can multiply, leading to skin breakouts.
- Genetics: Some people may be genetically predisposed to develop pimple-prone skin, meaning they have a family history of acne.
- Diet: A diet high in refined carbohydrates and sugar may increase insulin levels, leading to increased production of sebum, which can make the skin more prone to pimples.
- Stress: Stress can increase the production of hormones such as cortisol, which can increase oil production and make the skin more prone to pimples.
- Skincare products: Some skincare products, such as those that are too heavy, can clog pores and make the skin more prone to pimples.
- Clogged Pores: Bumps on the face can be caused by clogged pores filled with oil, dead skin cells, and bacteria.
- Inflammation signs: Inflammation can occur when bacteria and other irritants penetrate the skin's barrier and trigger an immune response, leading to red, swollen pimples.
- Breakouts: Skin prone to acne is characterized by frequent breakouts of pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads.
- Excess Sebum Production: Overproduction of sebum can cause the skin to become oily, leading to clogged pores and pimple formation.
Impact on the skin
- Low self-esteem: Bumps on the face can cause feelings of self-consciousness and impact self-esteem.
- Physical discomfort: Pimples can be painful and cause physical discomfort, especially when they are inflamed.
- Skin marks: If not treated properly, pimples can lead to marks (known as acne scares). This can result in permanent marks on the skin that can be difficult to remove.
- Spread of bacteria: Picking or squeezing pimples can spread bacteria and cause further outbreaks.
- Emotional distress: Breakouts can cause emotional distress and impact overall mental wellbeing.